Greece after the peloponnesian war

Her treasury was nearly empty, her docks were depleted, and the flower of her youth was dead or imprisoned in a foreign land. The Lacedaemonians, with their neighbors the Tegeans, faced the combined armies of Argos, Athens, Mantinea, and Arcadia.

But soon the Athenians intervened in the Peloponnesus B. The result was a complete victory for the Spartans, which rescued their city from the brink of strategic defeat.

King Agesilaus invaded the empire, and had considerable success. He prevented the Athenian fleet from attacking Athens; instead, he helped restore democracy by more subtle pressure. Alcibiades, while condemned as a traitor, still carried weight in Athens.

The Spartans and Athenians agreed to exchange the hostages for the towns captured by Brasidas, and signed a truce. Nicias then sent word to Athens asking for reinforcements. In the picture was bleak for Sparta, which began to sue for peace.

Athens proceeded to bring under its control all of Greece except for Sparta and its allies, ushering in a period which is known to history as the Athenian Empire.

Greece after the peloponnesian war the middle of the century, the Persians had been driven from the Aegean and forced to cede control of a vast range of territories to Athens. The Athenians managed to survive for several reasons.

What then ensued was a period, referred to as the Pentecontaetia the name given by Thucydidesin which Athens increasingly became in fact an empire, [6] carrying out an aggressive war against Persia and increasingly dominating other city-states.

Demosthenes, however, outmanoeuvred the Spartans in the Battle of Pylos in BC and trapped a group of Spartan soldiers on Sphacteria as he waited for them to surrender.

Ancient Greece

This debate was attended by members of the league and an uninvited delegation from Athens, which also asked to speak, and became the scene of a debate between the Athenians and the Corinthians. The Spartans also suffered reverses at sea. Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greeceas well as the sea power Corinth.

Weeks later, though, Demosthenes proved unable to finish off the Spartans. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. For full treatment, see Ancient Greek civilization: Demosthenes was chosen and led another fleet to Sicily, joining his forces with those of Nicias.

Spartan initiatives during the plague years were all unsuccessful except for the capture of the strategic city Plataea in The uncertain peace was finally shattered when, inthe Athenians launched a massive assault against Sicily. After additional setbacks, Nicias seemed to agree to a retreat until a bad omen, in the form of a lunar eclipsedelayed any withdrawal.

Finally, in the spring ofa Spartan ally, Thebesattacked an Athenian ally, Plataeaand open war began.

Peloponnesian War

In they tried to aid the island state of Lesbosa tributary of Athens that was planning to revolt. Sparta found its old strategy of ravaging cropland discomfortingly ineffective: All of this was due, in no small part, to Alcibiades.

While the Spartans refrained from action themselves, some of their allies began to talk of revolt.

At the Battle of Sybotaa small contingent of Athenian ships played a critical role in preventing a Corinthian fleet from capturing Corcyra. In BC the city of Athens surrendered to the Spartans. First, their foes were lacking in initiative.

The Second War The Lacedaemonians were not content with simply sending aid to Sicily; they also resolved to take the war to the Athenians. Alcibiades was not re-elected general by the Athenians and he exiled himself from the city.

Led militarily by a clever new general Demosthenes not to be confused with the later Athenian orator Demosthenesthe Athenians managed some successes as they continued their naval raids on the Peloponnese.

The word Peloponnesian comes from the name of the peninsula in southern Greece called the Peloponnese.Kids learn about the Peloponnesian War of Ancient Greece fought between Sparta and Athens. After the war, Sparta was the ruling state of Greece. The war destroyed the economies and brought poverty and sufferings to the state.

Athens could never gain its lost prosperity that it was proud of, pre-war.

What Happened in Greece After the Peloponnesian War?

After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the was short-lived, and democracy was restored.

And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover. Peloponnesian War: Peloponnesian War, war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta.

Aug 21,  · Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War ( B.C.). Spartan culture was centered on.

The Peloponnesian War reshaped the Ancient Greek world. On the level of international relations, Athens, the strongest city-state in Greece prior to the war's beginning, was reduced to a state of near-complete subjection, while Sparta was established as the leading power of Greece.

Greece after the peloponnesian war
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