The total population of the West Indies Federation was between 3 and 4 million people, with the majority being of black West African descent. This meant that the balance of power was held by an independent from Barbados and two Grenada United Party members.
In terms of the Common Market, the Common Market Council is the decision-making organ and is comprised of one government minister from each member state.
Most territories also had smaller groups of indigenous persons or individuals who originated from Europe or Asia. Guyana opted not to join at that time due to its ongoing political and internal struggles for independence from the UK, started in the s. Added to this, it was occasionally posited that closer union would strengthen labour unity in the region and create stronger bargaining power for the Caribbean entities as a whole in international negotiations.
Leadership 1 The Federation suffered its first public setback when Norman Manley, Premier of Jamaica, declined to stand for election to the federal Parliament. Among other things, Prime Minister David Cameron has indicated that he will resign, political recriminations have commenced, the prospect of further withdrawals from the European project is strongly debated, financial markets appear to be in a state of unrest, and arrangements concerning future relations between the UK and the EU will need to be formalised.
What factors brought Caribbean countries together in the federal scheme, and why did the federation come to such an early end? Thus, at the outset, it was quite apparent that the unit governments of the federal structure were at logger heads on basic issues, with Barbados and some of the other smaller islands steaming over the federal issue itself.
Nor could the federal government take its component states to task.
The Federation however faced several problems. Also, as David Coore notes in a perceptive essay, Manley had to bear in mind, among other things, the fact that his absence from the local electoral scene in Jamaica would open the way for a political comeback by Bustamante Social and Economic Studies, Volume 48, No 4p The question went something like this: When Grenada was "tentatively" selected, that too evoked a "storm of protest.
On one estimate, at the time of the Federation, these two territories together comprised "83 per cent of the total land area, 77 per cent of the population and three-quarters of the wealth".
This issue stood at the top of the polls during the Jamaican referendum. Also, complete freedom of movement within the Federation was not implemented, as the larger provinces were worried about mass migration from the smaller islands.
The seat of government was Port of Spain, Trinidad. The common policy for attracting foreign investment was therefore necessary to prevent one country from offering better incentives to transnational corporations than another country.
This helps to explain why greater weight came to be attached to these two territories in federal deliberations. Williams insisted that Trinidad and Tobago could not carry the burden if Jamaica were to withdraw from the Federation.
To begin with, history and geography combined to recommend the federal form of governance. From the early days of Settlement in the 17th century, the idea of juxtaposing two or more islands for administrative convenience or for mere economic expediency, had appealed to the Euro-British government but there had been minor unification in reality.
The Federation however faced several problems. Member states of CARICOM were heavily dependent on foreign investments for the purposes of job creation, exhausting the possibilities of physical resources of the country and taxation. Recommendations are made by a two-thirds majority that includes at least two of the more developed countries in the region.
However, between anda whole maze of riots, disturbances and strikes erupted in the British Caribbean, stretching from British Guiana later called Guyana to Jamaica. The Council included the Prime Minister and Members of the Cabinet as well as three senators and three civil servants.
After lengthy and fruitful discussions, the Jamaican constitution was revised and she became an independent member of the British Commonwealth on 6th August In The Economics of Nationhood — an influential publication from Trinidad and Tobago which received support from some Eastern Caribbean countries — it was proposed that a stronger role should be given to the federal centre.
Given that all the territories within the Federation were underdeveloped, the impact of possible redistribution of wealth from some political units to others was a matter of continuing political concern. For many Jamaicans it appeared that the Federation would then Just hamper their development and movement towards independence.
This was to lead to a movement within Jamaica for national independence from Britain.The West Indian Federation 1. On the way to Caribbean Integration 2. The bringing of people of different racial, ethnic or national groups into equal association.
The founding of the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) was the result of a year effort to achieve the hope of regional integration which had begun with the establishment of the British West Indies Federation in It was a Federal Government drawn from 10 member islands which were Antigua and Barbuda.
Essay on CARICOM Essay Sample. The founding of the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) was the result of a year effort to achieve the hope of regional integration which had begun with the establishment of the British West Indies Federation in Outsole with an analysis of the topic of the caricom and the british west indies federation staff that reinvesting early?
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The 'Conference on the Closer Association of the British West Indian Colonies, Montego Bay, Jamaica, September ' offers much context. So, too, does Jamaica's Sir John Mordecai, who was secretary general of the pre-federal Regional Economic Committee, as well as a high official in the federation for the period he termed the "four fractious.
The former West Indies Federation were consists of 10 British West Indian territories established in January This federation included Caribbean Islands or territories, then under British control. former federation of 10 British West Indian territories formed in Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, and Barbados were the principal members, but the federation .Download