As the agricultural surplus grew, more people began to specialize as artisans, for example, in metal working or trading. The traders brought their culture with them, leaving signs of influence in the central mountains of Mexico as well as southern Guatemala, miles from central Olmec territory.
Then, they discovered bronze, which is a combination of copper and tin, that is stronger than either of the two ingredients separately. Hail to thee, O Nile, that issues from the earth and comes to keep Egypt alive.
Thus, the Shang Dynasty, the first historical Chinese dynasty began about B. The peoples of the region formed themselves into a loose confederation of villages. Nothing is known of Harappan religion, as their language has not yet been deciphered; however the Aryans who followed them worshipped a pantheon of Gods, the most important of whom was Indra, the god of War.
Between BCE and BCE the two civilizations showed many similarities and differences but most of it came down to the agriculture in the region. Once developed, the written language could be used for recording non-business events.
The Egyptians needed to cooperate with each other to make use of the complex irrigation system. Since the Egyptians were adjacent to the Sahara Desert, sunshine was never in short supply.
They had advanced technology such as the kiln for baking pottery for hardening. Thus, it is evident that even the religion was created based on environmental influences.
Luxury items for the rich were made from exotic materials and advanced technology; whereas, local materials and lower technology was used for ordinary people. This writing system developed over centuries.
The ruling class was different between the two civilizations because the priests ruled in the indus because of the Caste System. Motivated in this manner, the ensi could impose taxes and run the military without much resistance from the peasants. They harvested the crops the next spring as temperatures rose.
They bartered with the Sumerians via boats traveling through the Persian Gulf. Egyptians began farming next to the Nile River. When the Nile flooded, the water did not spill out onto a large plain; rather, it was limited to a narrow green strip around the river.
As people began to accumulate wealth, men became the conduit for inheritance, thus establishing a patriarchal method of passing property to the sons. India, like the Olmec, did not have a central government; rather, they were united by a single language, a single religion, and thus a single culture.
The irrigation development necessary for farming thus forced the people to develop a complex society in which cooperation was required.
Appeasing the gods was so important that the inhabitants of each Sumerian city-state built the rest of the city around the temple, so as to make the temple the center. Although there was some writing in this civilization, only short sentences of 5 to 10 words have been found and none of it has been translated; thus, little is known about how this civilization developed.
China may have had help, but it would have been almost impossible to help the Olmec get started, given the geographic barriers. However, the Shang Dynasty did show evidence of human sacrifice. The fishing based villages and the pastoral nomadic communities did not become civilizations in ancient times.history review.
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human-made objects ex:tools and jewlery What reasons are suggested for the disappearance of the Indus Valley civilization. shifts in tectonic plates caused many natural disasters. how did the rights of women in china compare to those of women in sumer and egypt. Ancient River Valley Civilizations 1.
Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates Rivers 2.
Egypt: Nile River 3. India: Indus and Ganges Rivers ancient civilizations • Sumer: first civilization, plow, sailboat, wheel, cuneiform, ziggurats, polytheism Egypt, “Gift of the Nile. Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia: A Compare and Contrast Essay Com/ Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia: A Compare and Contrast Essay Ancient Egypt, known as “The Gift of the Nile,” and ancient Mesopotamia, known as the land “Between the Rivers,” were the first two civilizations developed by mankind.
Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River, and China. Report abuse. Transcript of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River, and China. Ancient River Valley Civilization: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River, and China Andrea Pham and Christine Mai Economy Complex Religion Mesopotamia Egypt Indus River China Compare and Contrast.
The Egyptian Civilization revered the Nile; hymns to the Nile such as the following were commonplace: Hail to thee, O Nile, that issues from the earth and comes to keep Egypt killarney10mile.com that waters.
Ancient Egyptian trade consisted of the gradual creation of land and sea trade routes connecting the Ancient Egyptian civilization with the Fertile Crescent, Arabia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and India. Contents.Download